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Saturday, February 23, 2013

Some Notable Personalities From Nepal !

1.      Abhiman Singh Basnet: Son of Sibaram Singh Basnet. Abhiman singh Basnet  was born on 1817. A general, he was appointed a member of coalition ministry headed by Chautariya Fatech Jang Shah (September 1845). He was killed by Krishna Bahadur Rana (Jang Bahadur's brother) during the Kot Massarce (15 September, 1846).

2.      Amar Singh Thapa : A kaji. Born in 1761. Took a leading part in all the western campaigns for unification during the regency of Bahadur Shah. Later conquered Garhwal and Kumaon and pushed the limits of the Gorkhali state up to the frontiers of the Kingdom of Sikhs along the Sutlej River. Fought brilliantly against the British in the area around Simla during the Anglo-Nepal war. (1814-16). Following Nepal's defeat the withdrew from public life and retired to Gosainkhund where he died on August 16, 1816.

3.      Amar Chitrakar: Amar Chitrakar, who was born in 1920, was a self taught sculptor. The majority of the statues set up at different par5ts of the country are his workd. He passed away in 1999.

4.   Amsu Verma: Was a 7th century's ruler and reformer who bounded the tie with Tibet giving his daughter Bhtikuti in marriage to the Tibetan Ruler Shrong Tseng Gompo. He died in 640.

5.      Arniko: Born in 1244, he was the most famous Nepalese Architect of out past glorious history. In spite of tender age, he led 80 artisans to Lhasa and erected a goldern stupa. He also showed his qualities as a bronze caster, painter and architect in China. Impressed by his craftsmanship, Emperor Kublai Khan of  China appointed him the controller of the imperial architectural studies. He died in China on March 11, 1306 at the age of 62. He was posthumously awarded the Chinese title of Ming Hoi and decorated with the title of Duke of Liang. The white Pagoda in Peking, designed by Arniko, stands to this day as monument of the Nepalese art and architecture.

6.      Aruna Lama: Aruna Lama, who constitutes a precious jewel of Nepaklese music, was born at Ghum in Darjeeling in 1945. Popularloy known as the nightingale of the Himalayas, Mrs. Lama greatly enriched the Nepalese music. She was able to win the heart and soul of the Nepalese by her first song "Kina yoban Udas, udas…." recorded in Calcutta in 1960. She died in February 4, 1998.

7.      Baburan Acharya:- Born in 1887, he was a master historian research scholar and thinker with and an acknowledged genius with an extraordinary memory power. He lost his eyesight while unearthing the nation's glorious past. Yet with his inward vision he remained throughout his life a constant source of historic outflow and a pioneer mastering his field. For his lifelong dedication to the cause of the Nepalese History, he was given the title of "Itihas Shiromani" (Gen among Historians). Awarded the Tribhuwan Prize, decorated with Gorkha Dakshin Bahu and made a member of honoris cause of the Royal Nepal Academy. He died in 1972 at the age of 85.

8.      Bahadur Shah:- A prince. Son of King Prithvi Narayan Shah. Born in 1757. Imprisoned and exiled by his elder brother, Pratap Singh, when the latter succeeded Prithvi Narayan Shah (January 1775). After Pratap Singh was succeeded by his infant son Ran Bahadur Shah (Novenber 1777), Bahadur Shah seized the regency from the dowager Queen Rajendra Laxmi (August 12, 1778). He lost it to her on June 20, 1779 but resumed it after her death on July 13, 1785. During this period as Regent (1785-1794) he presided over the incorporation of the Chaubisi and Baisi principalities into Nepal the conquest of territories as far west as Garhwal, the first Nepal-Tibet war (1788-1789) and the second Nepal-Tibet war (1791-1792). Dismissed from all offices when King Ran Bahadur Shah attained his majority (April 1794), he was later arrested and thrown into prison (February 1797) where he died of ill treatment (June 1797)

9.      Bal Chandra Sharma:- Born in 1919, he acquired higher education in Sanskrit, Hindi and English languages. Through he studied other languages, he always worked of the promotion of the Nepalese language. He held prominent positions like a minister, a member of the upper house, vice chancellor of national academy and an ambassador Bal Chandra Sharma was a great historian and a writer. Nepalko Aitihasik Ruprekha, Bhanubhakta Nepali Sabdakosh, Prithbee China and History of Nepalese literature and some of his outstanding literary works. Bal Chandra Sharma passed away in 1976.

10.  Bal Krishna Sama:- A dramatist. Mon be plume of Balkrishna Shember Rana. Born in 1902. One of the few literary figures recognized in his own lifetime, he introduced a new trend in Nepali literature by synthesizing oriental and western philosophic and scientific thoughts, During his lifetime, he held many academic posts such as the Chairman of Gorkha Bhasa Prakashini  Samiti and the Vice-Chancellor of the National Academy. He also had a short stint at the standing committee of the state council as its nominated member. Last but not the least, he was also an accomplished artist. Mutuko Byatha, Mukunda Indira, Pralhad and Amar Singh Thapa are some of his most prominent works. He died in 1981.

11.  Bal Narshigh Kunwar:- A kaji. eldest son of Ranjit Kunwar. Born on February 2, 1780. Middle ranking court official until he killed Sher Bahadur after the latter murdered the Regent ex-king Ran Bahadur Shah (April 25, 1806). For this action, he was promoted to the rank of the Kaji. Appointed Governer of Dhankuta (1828), Dadeldhura (1832) and Jumla (1835). Dismissed during a purge of Bhim Sen Thapa's supporters (1837), but regained public office a year later. Died on December 24, 1841.  

12.  Bal Bahabur Pandey:- He was a great revolutionary who joined Prajaparishad with a commitment to overthrow the Rana regime. The pamphlets which were distributed in 1940 opposing the Rana regime were produced from a duplicating machine concealed at his house. He dies in prison in 1943 at the age of 21.

13.  Bam Bahabur Rana:- Prime minister. Second son of Bal Narshigh Kunwar. Born in 1818 or 1819. Vakil at Calcutta (1844-1845). Officiated as visit to Europe (January 15, 1850- February 6. 1851) and while he campaigned in the Third Nepal-Tibel War (1855-56) Appointed Prime Minister when Jang Bahadur resigned (August 1, 1856). Died in office of tuberculosis (May 25, 1857).

14.  Bhakti Thapa:- Born in 1741, Late Bhakti Thapa is knoen as the brave warrior in the Nepalese history. He was born in Lamjuing district. He entered the service if Birmadan Shah, the king of Lamjung. He dedicated himself towards extending the western frontier of Nepal. At that time, the western border of Nepal had extended up to Kumaon, Garhwal. He was deputed to defend the western frontier from the enemy. In the war that started in 1814, he died fighting valiantly with the British for the sake of the motherland.

15.  Bhanu Bhatka Acharya:- A poet. Born in 1814, His adaptation of the Hindu epic, Ramayana, earned him reputation as the greatest literary figure of the Nepali language. Although the events of his life have subsequently been embellished as befits a figure of national stature, he in fact wrote most of his greatest work while imprisoned in Kathmandu because of irregularities in the tax affairs of his estates in the Terai. Died in 1868.

16.  Bhawani Bhikshu:- Known by family name Nohor Ram Gupta, he was born on June 3, 1909. As a novelist and story writer, he made a great contribution to the Nepalses literature. He was conferred with the title of Kulbhyushan for his contribution in Hindi literature. He worked as an editor of Sharada in 1951. He was the director of the Department of Publicity till 1956. He worked as an Academician of Royal Nepal Academy from 1961. Several of his complied works have been published. He received Madan Puraskar (Madam Prize), Sajha Puraskar (Sajha Prize), Tribhuvan Puraskar (Tribhuvan Prize) etc. for his works in Nepalese literature. He died in 1981.  

17.  Bhim Bahadur Pandey:- Sardar Shim Bahadur Pandey was born in 1913. He took initiative to establish banks and cooperatives associating himself with Bijay Shumsher in order to free the poor farmers from compound interest. He is also considered as one of the pioneer diplomats of the country. He died in 1992.

18.   Bhim Dutta Panta:- Son of TaranathPanta, Bhim Dutta Panta was bron in 1926. He passed his SLC. at the age of 15 and went to India for higher studies. He also participated in Indian Independence Movement during his stay there. He became the governor for Mahakali area after the 1950 Revolution. Mr Panta continued to lead anti-feudal movement even after the Revolution. He extreme views were not tolerated by the government. Indian military was called to quell his anti-feudal uprising. He was killed in 1953 during an encounter with his army.

19.  Bhim Narayan Shrestha:- Born in 1936 in Dhankuta District, Bhin Narayan Shrestha was a revolutionary with affiliation with the Nepali Congress Party. He was arrested for his participation in the anti-Panchayat democratic movement. He was accused of trying to assassinate His Majesty King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev. He was brutally killed in Koshi barrage in 1978.

20.  Bhim Nidhi Tiwari:- Proficient in almost all field of Nepalese literature such as drama, story, poetry, lyrics, essay and novel, this great literateur was born in Kathmandy on March 13, 1912. Clever in addressing the social theme, he had enriched the Nepalese literature by contribution workd like 'Shahanshila Sushila' 'Shilanyas' 'Tarpan' 'Titaura' Masyaura' 'Pandra Prabhand' 'Insaf' and many other literary works. He was awarded and decorated with Madan Puraskar Pradal Gorkha Dakshin Bahu, Ratna Shree medal and many other outstanding contribution to the Nepalese literature. He visited many parts of the world while attending literary conferences abroad. He passed away on June 1, 1973.

21.  Bhim Sen Thapa:- Mukhtiyar. Born between 1771 and 1779 (no accurate date or birth has yet come to light). Accompanied ex-King Ran Bahadur Shah into exile to Beneras (April 1800) where he served as his military secretary. Returned to Kathmandu with him in March 1804 and was appointed a Kaji. Appointed Mukhtiyar when the regent, ex-King Ran Bahadurm was assassainted (April 25, 1806). He was the virtual dictator of Nepal until the death of his powerful projector, the Regent Queen Tripura Sundaru, herself a Thapa (April 1832), after which his hold on government came under increasing challenge. Forced out of his office in July 1837. Imprisoned on the false charge of having poisoned Prince Debendra, the youngest son of King Rajendra (May 18, 1839). Committed suicide in prison (July 28, 1839).

Others will be posted on upcoming posts !! Stay close    

Wednesday, February 6, 2013

रानीमहल : : नेपालको ताजमहल : :

रानीमहल वि. सं १९५०मा शिलान्यास भई चार वर्षमा दरबार मन्दिर पाटीपौवासहितको निर्माण कार्य पूरा भएको बौघागुम्बा गाविस- २मा अवस्थित रानीमहल दरबार नेपालकै ताजमहलकारूपमा कालीगण्डकी नदीको उत्तरतर्फ हानिने मोडमा विशाल चट्टानमाथि पश्चिमी कलाशैलीमा रहेको रानीमहल दरबारको बायाँतर्फ शीत्तलपाटी दरबार परिसरमा फोहराका लागि कुँदिएका ढुङ्गाले निर्मित दुईवटा पोखरी दाहिनेतर्फ पहरा दिने स्थल छ भने खुड्किलोको बायाँतर्फ एउटै किसिमको शिव र गङ्गाका दुई मन्दिर छन् ।

दरबारको मूलढोकाबाट कुँदिएको ढुङ्गा र इँट्टाबाट बनाइएका खुड्किलो तल सिधा कालीगण्डकी नदी कुण्डमा जोडिएको छ । प्रसिद्ध मुक्तिनाथ तिर्थ जाने मुख्यद्वार भएकाले तिर्थालुहरूलाई बस्ने सुविधासहितका पौवासमेत निर्माण गरिएको थियो । आफ्नी दिवङ्गत रानी तेजकुमारीको सम्झनामा दरबारको निर्माण गरिए तापनि पाँच वर्षसम्म मात्र राज गर्न पाएको जानकारहरूको भनाइ छ ।

जनरल खड्ग शमशेर आपुनी अति प्यारी रानी तेजकुमारीको सम्झनामा इस १८९३मा एकातर्फ बुर्जाको जग काली गण्डकी नदीमा नै गरहेको महल भित्र पानी पोखरी मन्दिर बगैंचा आदि रहेको अत्यन्त मनमोहक ५६ फिट चौडाई ११२ फिट अग्ल्याई भएको चारतले भवन र त्यसको वरिपरिको वातावरणले सबैको मनमा साँच्चिकै आनन्द दिन्छ । पाल्पाको सदरमुकाम तानसेनबाट उत्तरपश्चिम २।३० घण्टा पैदल यात्राबाट पुग्न सकिने रानीमहलको हाल पर्यटकीय सन्दर्भमा अत्यन्त महत्व राखेको छ ।

विसं १९६०मा खड्ग शमशेरले श्री ३को पदसहित शासनसत्ताको बागडोर आफूले सञ्चालन गर्न खोज्यो भन्ने षड्यन्त्रको छनक पाएपछि चन्द्र शमशेरले पाल्पामा थप सेना पठाइ तैनाथी आफनो हातमा लिएका थिए । खड्गशमशेरले आफूमाथि थप खतरा उत्पन्न हुने त्रासमा दरबारमा रहेका सबै बहुमुल्य बस्तु छाडेर तीन साँचो र सरकारी ढुकुटी लिई भारत पलाएन भएपछि प्रेमको प्रतिक ठानिने रानीमहल बेवारिसे बन्न पुगेको स्थानिय वासिन्दाहरू बताउँछन् । दिवङ्गत रानीको सम्झनामा बनाइएकोले रानीमहल दरबारलाई 'प्रेमको प्रतिक' का रूपमा लिइने गरिन्छ ।

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